This report covers major activities of small-scale aquaculture project implemented with
the objectives of improving nutrition and income of rural communities through
empowering women aimed at achieving the goal of food security and poverty
reduction. The two-year project (Jan 2008-Dec 2009) was funded by Aquaculture
without Frontiers (AwF) launched in “Rainas Tar” within the Dhamilikuwa Village
Development Committee of Lamjung, a mid-hill district of Nepal in collaboration with the
Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal and a local

Initially, an awareness/interaction program was organized in the village to explain the
objectives, describe activities and inform them that the Project Team would cover only
50% of the pond construction. A total of 52 women showed interests in digging ponds
in their lands which was almost double the Project Team had planned to support. A
demonstration field visit was organized for all of them to observe the similar previously
implemented project in Chitwan and interact with the women. The women were trained
on general fish farming on the following day and requested to dig ponds. Forty
families, organized in two groups, dug a pond each within three months while others
waited for the second year. Nine of those family ponds were used for M.Sc. student
research. Polyculture of Common carp, Grass carp, Silver carp and Bighead carp were
recommended. The average size of ponds was 44 m2 (range 12 – 169 m2). Average
support for pond digging was NRs 2,429 (US$33). After growing fish for about 8
months (May - Dec 2008), average production was achieved 4 kg (maximum 33 kg)
per family with the total production of 191 kg. Over 2/3rd of the fish produced was
consumed by families and their relatives harvested partially on different occasions. In
the second year, five of these women did not continue because of frequent problem of
leakage and shortage of water. The remaining farmers continued fish farming without
the financial support of the project. They chose Common carp and Grass carp which
grew best in the first year. In addition, Nile tilapia was included in polyculture. As a
result production and fish consumption increased by two-folds with the highest
production of 55kg by a family.

In the second year, despite the interests of many, only 27 new women were selected to
support by the project. This new group constructed 30 fish ponds including three for a
primary school. The mean size of their ponds was 43 m2 (range of 12 – 200 m2) which
were constructed with the same type of support. The newly joined women produced
158 kg of fish (average 6 kg/family, maximum 24 kg) in the growing period of about 8

In summary, the two-year project was successful in establishing three groups of
women, training them and motivating them to dig 70 new ponds and culture fish. This
clearly shows that small-scale aquaculture intervention in mid-hills of Nepal
empowering women is possible and has tremendous scope. AwF project should serve
as a model for the expansion of small-scale aquaculture in Nepal.
Brief Report:
Phase I (2008-2010)
We need your generous support. You can help us by donating money or buying T-Shirts with AwF logo.
Wearing such a T-shirt during functions / gatherings helps us disseminate the idea. The price of a T-shirt
is US$30 which is used to dig a pond for a family.

Donated money will help us support more families. Donation of US$100 will cover the costs of digging a
fish pond and child education for a family.